GEOL Geology

GEOL   1011K   Introductory Geosciences I

4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   0,2 Lab Hours.

This course covers Earth materials and processes.

GEOL   1121   Introduction to the Earth

4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   0,2 Lab Hours.

An introductory study of the origin and structure of earth materials and the processes which modify Earth's interior and exterior. The laboratory component of this course offers hands-on exercises related to Earth materials, interpretation of topographic and geologic maps, principles of geologic time, and plate tectonic processes.

GEOL   1122   General Historical Geology

4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   0,2 Lab Hours.

Discusses the origin and geological history of Earth. Methods of interpretation, fossils, geologic time measurements, time scales, physical and organic development of Earth are taught.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1121 (may be taken concurrently with permission of instructor).

GEOL   1310   Environmental Geology Lab

1 Credit Hour.   0 Lecture Hours.   2 Lab Hours.

A series of laboratory components that involve hands-on exercises with earth materials and processes which modify the Earth's interior and exterior.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1340 or a minimum grade of "C" in GEOL   1011K.

GEOL   1340   Environmental Geology

4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   0,2 Lab Hours.

An introduction to using geologic principles and knowledge to address problems arising from the interaction between humans and the geologic environment. One major component of the course examines geologic hazards, including flooding, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and coastal erosion. The other component explores important geologic resources, including water, soils, mineral, and energy, and the way modern society depends on these resources. The laboratory portion of the course consists of hands-on data collection, analysis, and problem solving of geologic and environmental problems related to natural hazards and society's use of Earth resources.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   1310.

GEOL   1430   Dinosaurs, Extinctions and Disasters

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A review of the dynamic processes of extinction, evolution, and change in ancient animal assemblages. Particular attention will be paid to the unique terrestrial communities that were dominated by dinosaurs, mammoths, and other megafauna. We will focus on the effects of meteorite collisions, ice ages, and mass extinction events.

GEOL   1530   Principles of Oceanography

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course is a survey course dealing with the physical, geological, and ecological features of ocean basins and coastlines, as well as chemical composition of ocean water and oceanic circulation processes.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL 1530H.

GEOL   3220   Data Management for Geologists

2 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course introduces students to quantitative geological data. Students will be expected to produce professional-looking tables and graphs, and learn how to properly present geological information clearly in written and oral form.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum grade of "C" in GEOL   1011K or GEOL   1121.

GEOL   3520   Field Methods

2 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Instruction in the tools and techniques used in the collection of field data, compilation of geologic maps and crossed sections. Students will construct topographic and geologic maps and write geologic reports and abstracts. The course will consist of three main areas; data sources, data collection, and post-processing. Two weekend field trips are required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1122 and MATH   1112 or MATH   1113.

GEOL   3541   Mineralogy

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

An introduction to morphological crystallography, physical properties and the optical characteristics of the common minerals. Examines the genesis, occurrence, and uses of minerals. Laboratory work consists of study of common crystal forms, hand specimen identification and optical study via the petrographic microscope.

Prerequisite(s): CHEM   1211K and a minimum grade of "C" in GEOL   1121 and GEOL   1122.

GEOL   3542   Petrology and Petrography

4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   0,2 Lab Hours.

An introduction to the origin, occurrence, and classification of common igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory work consists of combined microscopic and megascopic study of rocks. A three day field trip across the southern Appalachians provides a field study component.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   3541 and GEOL   1122.

GEOL   3741   Remote Sensing

4 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   4 Lab Hours.

Introduction to the concepts, theory, collection, analysis and applications of remotely sensed spatial information. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor required.

Cross Listing(s): GEOG 3741.

GEOL   3790   Teaching Internship in Geology

1-3 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Student interns in Introduction to the Earth (GEOL   1121), General Historical Geology (GEOL   1122), or Environmental Geology (GEOL   1340) will participate in teaching the course under the mentorship of a faculty member. Student interns will attend an introductory workshop immediately prior to the start of the semester, will intern in one of the above courses, and meet with the faculty mentor one hour each week. One credit hour is awarded per laboratory section in which the student interns.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum grade of "B" in GEOL   1121 or GEOL   1122 or GEOL   1340.

GEOL   4120   Introduction to Research

2 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

The process of research will be studied from the scientific method through the process of writing a scientific proposal. Construction of a technical paper and the technical oral presentation will be examined and practiced. Usages of geologic terms will be explained and learned. A proposal for a research paper will be selected or assigned, a proposal written and an oral presentation of the proposal research will be made. A minimum grade of “B” is required to continue in the research sequence. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor required.

GEOL   4530   Tectonics

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Processes, structures, and land forms associated with the deformation of the earth's crust are studied including the changes that take place on structures and landforms over time. Scales ranging from local, to regional, to global are incorporated.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1121 or GEOL 1110K.

GEOL   4610   Senior Seminar

1 Credit Hour.   1 Lecture Hour.   0 Lab Hours.

The process of scientific communication will be investigated and practiced. A final paper on the student's senior research topic will be written and an oral presentation made in a formal "Technical Session" format. The student will learn to prepare visual aids to illustrate his/her paper and talk. The "Technical Session" will be organized and run by students.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   4830.

GEOL   4790   Internship in Geology

1-6 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

The internship allows students to work in a professional setting related to their chosen concentration in the field. Undergraduate students can earn between one and six credits for internships approved by their academic advisor and the Department's Internship Director. Students must maintain contact with the Internship Director through the course of the internship work, and must submit a written report and a work product at the end of the project. Internship credits can be used for elective credit only and may not substitute for specific degree requirements. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Geology and Geography Internship Director is required.

GEOL   4830   Senior Thesis Research I

3 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Students will complete a literature review and evaluation and conduct independent research as outlined in their research proposal formulated during Introduction to Research (GEOL   4120). Research is conducted under the direction of a faculty advisor and will lead to the completion of the senior thesis.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum grade of "B" in GEOL   4120 and minimum GPA of 3.0.

GEOL   4831   Senior Thesis Research II

3 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

The process of scientific communication will be investigated and practiced through completion of a senior thesis project. This project includes both a written thesis and research presentation. Students will format a thesis manuscript suitable for publication in a professional journal, and design and deliver an oral presentation suitable for a professional conference.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum grade of "B" in GEOL   4830.

GEOL   5090   Selected Topics

1-9 Credit Hours.   0-9 Lecture Hours.   0-9 Lab Hours.

This course provides a means by which new courses can be offered for experimental purposes.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor required.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5090G.

GEOL   5090G   Selected Topics

1-9 Credit Hours.   0-9 Lecture Hours.   0-9 Lab Hours.

This course provides a means by which new courses can be offered for experimental purposes. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOG 3542 or permission of instructor required.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5090.

GEOL   5130   Geochemistry

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course covers the theory and applications of stable and radiogenic isotope geochemistry as applied to low-temperature geological processes.

Prerequisite(s): CHEM   1212K and a minimum grade of "C" in GEOL   1121 and GEOL   1122.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5130G.

GEOL   5130G   Geochemistry

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course covers the theory and applications of stable and radiogenic isotope geochemistry as applied to low-temperature geological processes. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5130.

GEOL   5131   Economic Mineralogy

3 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

An introduction to the origins of industrial and metallic mineral resources, and the exploration, discovery and use of such resources. Laboratory work includes identification and evaluation of mineral resources and visits to mines.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   3541.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5131G.

GEOL   5131G   Economic Mineralogy

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

An introduction to the origins of industrial and metallic mineral resources, and the exploration, discovery and use of such resources. Laboratory work includes identification and evaluation of mineral resources and visits to mines. Graduate students must complete a paper on an assigned topic.

Prerequisite(s): FCompletion of GEOL   3541.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5131.

GEOL   5132   Regional Field Geology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A field expedition involving geological investigation of a major geologic region of North America. Students will be expected to make geological observations through such techniques as mapping, measuring sections, collecting scientific samples, or other standard techniques, then to analyze and interpret their observations or measurements. A scientific journal or notebook will be used by each student to record data and observations. A final report will be required. Students usually will bear tuition, travel, and living expenses in the field.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1011K or GEOL   1121.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5132G.

GEOL   5132G   Regional Field Geology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A field expedition involving geological investigation of a major geologic region of North America. Students will be expected to make geological observations through such techniques as mapping, measuring sections, collecting scientific samples, or other standard techniques, then to analyze and interpret their observations or measurements. A scientific journal or notebook will be used by each student to record data and observations. A final report will be required. Students usually will bear tuition, travel, and living expenses in the field. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   1121.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5132.

GEOL   5140   Vertebrate Paleontology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   2 Lab Hours.

A study of the morphology, classification and geologic significance of vertebrate fossils. Prior completion of GEOL   5142 strongly recommended. Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1122 or permission of instructor.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5140G.

GEOL   5140G   Vertebrate Paleontology

4 Credit Hours.   4 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A study of the morphology, classification and geologic significance of vertebrate fossils. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   1122 or permission of instructor; GEOL   5141 strongly recommended.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5140.

GEOL   5141   Paleontology

4 Credit Hours.   0,4 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

This course provides an overview of the major principles, applications, and methods of paleontology. Topics covered in the course include, but are not limited to: the formation of fossils, fossil identification and classification, evolution and extinction, biostratigraphy, biogeography, paleoecology, and functional morphology. Labs utilize a diverse collection of invertebrate fossils and paleontology software.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1122.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5141G.

GEOL   5141G   Paleontology

4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

This course provides an overview of the major principles, applications, and methods of paleontology. Topics covered in this course include, but are not limited to: the formation of fossils, fossil identification and classification, evolution and extinction, biostratigraphy, biogeography, paleoecology, and functional morphology. Labs utilize a diverse collection of invertebrate fossils and paleontology software. Graduate students will complete a special report, not required of undergraduates.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   1122.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5141.

GEOL   5142   Stratigraphy and Sedimentation

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   2 Lab Hours.

Introduction to the principles and application of stratigraphy and biostratigraphy, and principles of sedimentation. Emphasis is placed on concepts of time, time-rock, rock units, sedimentary facies, guide fossils and fossil range and description of rocks in time and space, their correlation and interpretation. Petrologic interpretation and basic laboratory techniques are also demonstrated. The origin and distribution of sedimentary rocks is examined from initial weathering through erosion and transportation, to environments and mechanisms of deposition.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   3541.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5142G.

GEOL   5142G   Stratigraphy and Sedimentation

4 Credit Hours.   4 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Introduction to the principles and application of stratigraphy and biostratigraphy, and principles of sedimentation. Emphasis is placed on concepts of time, time-rock, rock units, sedimentary facies, guide fossils and fossil range and description of rocks in time and space, their correlation and interpretation. Petrologic interpretation and basic laboratory techniques are also demonstrated. The origin and distribution of sedimentary rocks is examined from initial weathering through erosion and transportation, to environments and mechanisms of deposition. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   3541.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5142.

GEOL   5230   Earth Science

3 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A systematic study of the earth as a planet, including aspects of its atmosphere, oceans, lithosphere, soils and physiography. The laboratory will emphasize the location and utilization of local, as well as regional materials for earth science teaching and learning. This course cannot be used for upper-level course credit in the Geology BA, Geology BS, or Geology Minor programs.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor required.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5230G.

GEOL   5230G   Earth Science

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A systematic study of the earth as a planet, including aspects of its atmosphere, oceans, lithosphere, soils and physiography. The laboratory will emphasize the location and utilization of local, as well as regional materials for earth science teaching and learning. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report. This course cannot be used for upper-level course credit in the Geology BA, Geology BS, or Geology Minor programs.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor required.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5230.

GEOL   5231   General Oceanography

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course is an integrated approach to the study of oceans with special emphasis on geology, chemistry, and biology of ocean basins. Studies will include the ecological, physical, and geological features of ocean basins, as well as chemical composition of ocean water and oceanic circulation processes. This course cannot be used for upper-level course credit in the Geology BA, Geology BS, or Geology Minor programs.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1121 or GEOL   5230.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5231G.

GEOL   5231G   General Oceanography

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course is an integrated approach to the study of oceans with special emphasis on geology, chemistry, and biology of ocean basins. Studies will include the ecological, physical, and geological features of ocean basins, as well as chemical composition of ocean water and oceanic circulation processes. This course cannot be used for upper-level course credit in the Geology BA, Geology BS, or Geology Minor programs.

Prerequisite(s): Comlpletion of GEOL   1121 or GEOL   5230 or GEOL   5230G. Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5231.

GEOL   5340   Barrier Island Environmental Geology

4 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   6 Lab Hours.

This course is an on site, direct observation study of the physical processes that create barrier islands and drive their geologic and environmental evolution. The course will cover principles of coastal geology and barrier island hydrogeology. Students will observe and document the diverse environments of a Georgia barrier island and the effects of coastal erosion and sea level rise on island environments and wildlife habitat. Students will also explore the anthropogenic impacts to these environments and resources, practice field science observation and documentation skills, and develop research and presentation skills through team research projects during an eight to ten day residence on St. Catherines Island.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of Instructor.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5340G.

GEOL   5340G   Barrier Island Environmental Geology

4 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   6 Lab Hours.

This course is an on site, direct observation study of the physical processes that create barrier islands and drive their geologic and environmental evolution. The course will cover principles of coastal geology and barrier island hydrogeology. Students will observe and document the diverse environments of a Georgia barrier island and the effects of coastal erosion and sea level rise on island environments and wildlife habitat. Students will also explore the anthropogenic impacts to these environments and resources, practice field science observation and documentation skills, and develop research and presentation skills through team research projects during an eight to ten day residence on St. Catherines Island. Graduate students can expect more comprehensive and rigorous assessments as well as additional work based on the graduate field of study.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5340.

GEOL   5431   Coastal Geology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Coastal Geology will comprise an introduction to a variety of coastal environments and landforms as well as the physical and geological processes that shape them. Coastal hazards and issues related to the ecology and management of the coast will also be discussed. The course will include two required weekend fieldtrips to coastal areas in the southeastern United States. Prior completion of GEOL   5142 strongly recommended.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1122 or permission of instructor. Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5431G.

GEOL   5431G   Coastal Geology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Coastal Geology will comprise an introduction to a variety of coastal environments and landforms as well as the physical and geological processes that shape them. Coastal hazards and issues related to the ecology and management of the coast will also be discussed. The course will include two required weekend fieldtrips to coastal areas in the southeastern United States. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or a special report.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   1122 or permission of instructor; GEOL   5142 strongly recommended.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5431.

GEOL   5440   Structural Geology

4 Credit Hours.   0,4 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

GA study of geologic structures resulting from rock formation and deformation. Attention will be given to recognition and solution of structural problems.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   3542 and MATH   1112 or MATH   1113.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5440G.

GEOL   5440G   Structural Geology

4 Credit Hours.   4 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A study of geologic structures resulting from rock formation and deformation. Attention will be given to recognition and solution of structural problems. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   3542 and MATH   1112 or MATH   1113.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5440.

GEOL   5530   Geomorphology

3 Credit Hours.   0,2 Lecture Hours.   0,3 Lab Hours.

A systematic study of landforms and the processes which create and modify them.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   1122 or GEOG   1111.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5530G.

GEOL   5530G   Geomorphology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A systematic study of landforms and the processes which create and modify them. Graduate students will complete an individual term project or special report.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   1122 or GEOG   1111.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5530.

GEOL   5541   Hydrogeology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   2 Lab Hours.

A survey of hydrogeology that includes the occurrence, distribution, movement and chemistry of subsurface waters. Emphasizes subsurface hydrology (hydrogeology), but will also include related aspects of surface systems. Major topics covered will include: 1) relationships between precipitation, runoff, and infiltration; 2) porosity and permeability of various earth materials; 3) subsurface movement of water through earth materials; 4) basic chemical characteristics of natural waters; and 5) current water resource issues such as supply, quality, contamination, and remediation.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   3542.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5541G.

GEOL   5541G   Hydrogeology

4 Credit Hours.   4 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A survey of hydrogeology that includes the occurrence, distribution, movement and chemistry of subsurface waters. Emphasizes subsurface hydrology (hydrogeology), but will also include related aspects of surface systems. Major topics covered will include: 1) relationships between precipitation, runoff, and infiltration; 2) porosity and permeability of various earth materials; 3) subsurface movement of water through earth materials; 4) basic chemical characteristics of natural waters; and 5) current water resource issues such as supply, quality, contamination, and remediation. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   3542. Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5541.

GEOL   5542   Advanced Hydrogeology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   2 Lab Hours.

In-depth study of hydrogeologic and geochemical principles with emphasis on quantitative techniques. Various laboratory and field techniques will be covered, including the use of numerical models and aquifer testing.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL   5541.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5542G.

GEOL   5542G   Advanced Hydrogeology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   2 Lab Hours.

In-depth study of hydrogeologic and geochemical principles with emphasis on quantitative techniques. Various laboratory and field techniques will be covered, including the use of numerical models and aquifer testing. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of GEOL   5541.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5542.

GEOL   5740   Sea Turtle Natural History

4 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   6 Lab Hours.

A field-based course in which students work as sea turtle conservation scientists by monitoring beaches and documenting and recording nesting activity during an 8 to 10 day residence on St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Students will prepare for field work with two days of lectures on the GSU campus as well as a training session on GA DNR nest monitoring protocols, prior to field work on St. Catherines Island. Students will keep a daily field journal and prepare a paper on loggerhead sea turtles, documenting nesting behavior, nesting habitat, hatchling emergences and threats to hatchlings and adults using images acquired during their daily monitoring activity.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5740G.

GEOL   5740G   Sea Turtle Natural History

4 Credit Hours.   2 Lecture Hours.   6 Lab Hours.

A field-based course in which students work as sea turtle conservation scientists by monitoring beaches and documenting and recording nesting activity during an 8 to 10 day residence on St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Students will prepare for field work with two days of lectures on the GSU campus as well as a training session on GA DNR nest monitoring protocols, prior to field work on St. Catherines Island. Students will keep a daily field journal and prepare a paper on loggerhead sea turtles, documenting nesting behavior, nesting habitat, hatchling emergences and threats to hatchlings and adults using images acquired during their daily monitoring activity. Graduate students can expect more comprehensive and rigorous assessments as well as additional work based on the graduate field of study. Graduate students will also complete a resource notebook or term project.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5740.

GEOL   5890   Directed Study

1-4 Credit Hours.   0-3 Lecture Hours.   0-3 Lab Hours.

Well prepared geology majors may be permitted to carry on independent study upon the recommendation of one of the geology/geography faculty.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor required. Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5890G.

GEOL   5890G   Directed Study

1-3 Credit Hours.   1-3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Well prepared geology majors may be permitted to carry on independent study upon the recommendation of one of the geology/geography faculty. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor required.

Cross Listing(s): GEOL   5890.

GEOL   6097   Special Topics Geol Res & Envi

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Detailed presentation of a selected topic in geological sciences. May be repeated for credit for a maximum of 6 credit hours, if topic is different.

GEOL   6100   Historical Geology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A review of the history of the Earth. Determining geologic time, the history of life as revealed in the fossil record, reconstructing a chronology of events from associated rock bodies. This course is a survey of historical geology but is designed primarily for students enrolled in graduate education programs, and credit may not be earned in both GEOL 3100 and GEOL   6100.