BIOL Biology

BIOL   5099G   Selected Topics/Biology

3,4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0,3 Lab Hours.

A course taught of a one-time basis. Lecture only courses will be three credit hours while courses with a laboratory will be four credit hours.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5099, BIOL   5099S, BIOL   5099H.

BIOL   5131G   Cell Biology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Examines the structure and physiology of cells and subcellular organelles. Topics include the cell membrane and membrane transport, the extracellular matix of the cell, the cell cytoskeleton, DNA structure and replication, transcription, translation and the regulation of gene expression. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment or an extra section on tests, as determined by the instructor, that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5131, BIOL   5131H, BIOL   5131S.

BIOL   5132G   Molecular Genetics

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Examines aspects of inheritance of organisms at the molecular, biochemical, cytological, organismic and population levels. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment or additional section of questions on tests that undergraduates will not be required to complete.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5132.

BIOL   5134G   Population/Quantitative Genetics

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Introduction to the dynamics of evoluctionary change for qualitative and metric characters. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium will provide a basis for further analysis of microevolutionary "forces" of selection, drift, gene flow, and mutation. Methods for estimating heritability of metric traits and predicting the course of selection will also be introduced.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5134.

BIOL   5141G   Forensic Biology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Forensic biology is the marriage of biological sciences and the law. The extensive use of biological evidence has had a significant bearing on the course of law enforcement investigations in criminal and civil court proceedings. This course will introduce students to some of the basic concepts in forensic biology. Graduate students will be required to complete advanced-level assignments beyond the scope of the undergraduate requirements. These assignments require a higher level of mastery in the subject matter with additional required deliverables representative of graduate-level work, as determined by the instructor.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5141.

BIOL   5142G   Molecular Biotechniques

0,4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   0,3 Lab Hours.

Highlights modern discoveries in molecular genetics and thier application in today's world. In addition to the body of facts associated with molecular methodology, the course will introduce students to experimental techniques such as PCR, electophoresis, restriction enzyme digest analysis, and DNA sequencing.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5142.

BIOL   5148G   Human Genetics

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Basic principles of Mendelian inheritance and molecular genetics are applied to a systematic review of human disorders. Included are disorders of blood, connective tissue, muscles, lysosomes, lipoproteins, transport membrane and mechanisms, amino acid metabolism and the immune system. Special attention is given to diseases caused by chromosomal abnormalities. Sex determination, genetic markers, gene mapping and population genetics are also covered.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5148, BIOL   5148H.

BIOL   5210G   Comparative Animal Physiology Laboratory

1 Credit Hour.   0 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Laboratory study of the basic physiological processes of animals, with integrated studies of molecular, cellular, metabolic and organ-system functions.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5210.

BIOL   5230G   Comparative Animal Physiology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A comparative review of the function and regulation of the major organ systems in animals. Topics include homeostasis, membrane transport, osmoregulation, and energetics.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5230, BIOL   5230H.

BIOL   5237G   Physiological Ecology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Examines how physiological adaptations of animals and plants to abiotic environmental factors (e.g., temperature, salinity, moisture, ultraviolet radiation) contribute to the understanding of local species diversity, biogeographic patterns, and habitat exploitation. Emphasis is placed on how physiological function (e.g., osmoregulation, thermoregulation, gas exchange, energy use) interfaces with ecology and evolutionary biology. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5237.

BIOL   5239G   Neurobiology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Introduction to the mechanisms of neural responses, neural integration, neural development, and environmental effects on developing mature nervous systems.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5239, BIOL   5239H, BIOL   5239S.

BIOL   5240G   Histology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Examines the origin, development, structure and function of vertebrate groups.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5240.

BIOL   5241G   Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A comparative and functional study of the morphological systems of vertebrates. Laboratory emphasizes dissection of representative vertebrate groups.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5241.

BIOL   5242G   Developmental Biology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

This course is an introduction to the principles of animal and plant development. The focus is on how male and female gametes fuse to form a zygote and how a single-celled zygote develops into an animal with multiple organs with specialized function. This course will cover the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in fertilization and early embryonic development, molecular signaling involved in development of organs and organ systems, the concept of stem cells and regeneration, and cellular and molecular signaling mechanisms in plant development. Students will see the fundamental conservation of molecular and cellular mechanisms across animals and plants during development as an important example of evolution. Graduate students will be required to complete advanced-level assignments beyond the scope of the undergraduate requirements. These assignments require a higher level of mastery in the subject matter with additional required deliverables representative of graduate-level work, as determined by the instructor.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5242.

BIOL   5243G   Toxicology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

An introduction to the principles of toxiology with a focus on the toxicology of aquatic organisms. Topics include risk assessment, regulatory toxicology, mutagenesis, teratology, and toxicology of the nervous and reproductive systems.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5243.

BIOL   5246G   Human Pathophysiology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A selective survey of causes and effects of disease in humans at the molecular, cellular,and systemic level. Selected topics include cellular malfunctions, altered cell environments, cancer biology, and the pathophysiology of the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal organ systems.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5246.

BIOL   5247G   Endocrinology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A study of endocrine mechanisms, including their evolution and importance at various levels of biological organization.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5247.

BIOL   5248G   Immunology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A detailed study of the mammalian immune system emphasizing the experimental basis of current immunological theories. Topics include antigen­antibody interactions, organization and expression of immunoglobulin genes, complement, major histocompatibility complex, antigen processing and presentation, and generation of humoral and cellular immune responses.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5248.

BIOL   5333G   Emerging Diseases

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Study of the epidemiology of emerging and re-emerging human diseases throughout the world, but with emphasis on the situation in North America. New and resurging diseases caused by prions, viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, arthropods, and helminths will be discussed, including some vector-borne and tropical diseases.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5333, BIOL   5333H.

BIOL   5340G   Plant Pathology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A broad introduction to representative common plant diseases and disorders with emphasis on diagnoses, causes, epidemiology, and methods of control. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5340.

BIOL   5341G   Parasitology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A study of the general principles of parasitism, with emphasis on morphology, classification, identification, and life cycles of parasites of vertebrates. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5341.

BIOL   5343G   Medical-Veterinary Entomology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

An intensive study of the role of arthropods in the transmission, dissemination, and causation of diseases of humans and animals. Topics include identification of vector arthropods and associated diseases, ecology, and control. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5343.

BIOL   5345G   Systematic Biology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Introduces the principles and methods of biosystematics. Speciation, bio-nomenclature, hierarchical taxonomic categories, systematic characters, molecular systematics, and phylogenetic analyses are discussed. Laboratories involve use of modern molecular techniques and computational analysis with a variety of software packages. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5345.

BIOL   5346G   Agroecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Agroecology provides the theoretical and conceptual framework for sustainable agriculture with an emphasis on underlying environmental factors, crop plants and animals. Topics include biotic and abiotic factors influencing biodiversity, interaction and stability of agroecosystems, organic farming, agroforestry, energy-use in agriculture and ways to transition towards sustainability. Graduate students will be required to complete advanced-level assignments beyond the scope of the undergraduate requirements. These assignments require a higher level of mastery in the subject matter with additional required deliverables representative of graduate-level work, as determined by the instructor.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5346.

BIOL   5431G   Virology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A survey of the biology of viruses, with emphasis on viral diversity, virus-host interactions, viral diseases of humans, animals and plants and uses of viruses in medicine, research and biocontrol. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5431.

BIOL   5432G   Deep Sea Environments

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course examines the current knowledge about hydrothermal systems in terms of their deep-sea environment and their geological and chemical makeup. Emphasis is placed on studying symbiotic relationships, reproductive biology, larval dispersal, thermal tolerances, sulfide and sensory adaptations by organisms found in non-vent, vent, and cold seep environments. Graduate students will be assigned extra readings from the current and classical peer-reviewed literature pertaining to the deep sea environment.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5432.

BIOL   5441G   Mycology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Broad introduction to various taxonomic groups of Fungi, emphasizing morphology, taxonomy, evolution, physiology, and economic importance. Selected mycotic diseases and symbiotic relationships in nature will be explored. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5441.

BIOL   5442G   Entomology

0,4 Credit Hours.   0,3 Lecture Hours.   0,3 Lab Hours.

Examines the phylogeny, morphology, life history, and ecology of insects. Identification of local species will be emphasized. Field trips required. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5442.

BIOL   5443G   Identification and Taxonomy of Vascular Plants

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A taxonomic/biosystematic approach to the study of Georgia’s plants. Primary emphasis is on vascular plants (ferns and seed plants), including methods of plant analysis, identification, classification, collection and preservation. Students will also learn how to recognize some non-vascular plants in Georgia’s ecosystems. Field trips are required with at least some on Saturdays. Graduate students are given extra assignments not required of undergraduates.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5443.

BIOL   5444G   Ichthyology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Emphasizes the systematics, evolution, biology, ecology, and behavior of recent and extinct fishes. Laboratory emphasizes the identification, morphology, and natural history of fishes. Field trips required. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5444.

BIOL   5445G   Herpetology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Examines the phylogeny, morphology, life history and ecology of reptiles and amphibians. Field identification of local species will be emphasized. Field trips required. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5445.

BIOL   5446G   Ornithology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A comprehensive study of the biology of birds. Lectures will emphasize the evolution, classification, structure, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Laboratories will give hands-on experience with bird morphology, and field trips will emphasize finding and identifying birds in their natural habitats. Graduate students will be required to complete advanced level assignments in an area beyond the scope of the undergraduate requirements that demonstrates a higher level of mastery in the subject matter with additional required deliverables representative of graduate level work, as determined by the instructor.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5446.

BIOL   5448G   Mammalogy

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Course examines the classification, evolution, distribution, and life histories of mammals. The laboratory includes identification and preparation of specimens and development of field techniques. Field trips required. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5448.

BIOL   5530G   Wildlife Management

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

A survey of the principles and practices used to manage wildlife populations. The emphasis is on populations of importance to humans, particularly game animals. Students will explore the factors, both biotic and abiotic, that influence wildlife populations and how these factors can be managed to sustain game and nongame wildlife populations. Graduate students will be required to complete advanced level assignments in an area beyond the scope of the undergraduate requirements that demonstrates a higher level of mastery in the subject matter with additional required deliverables representative of graduate level work, as determined by the instructor.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5530.

BIOL   5532G   Evolution

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Covers the historical development of evolutionary thought and focuses on current issues in evolution. Emphasis is placed on the perceived importance of natural selection, mechanisms of speciation, the history of life on Earth, and human evolution. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5532, BIOL   5532H.

BIOL   5534G   Conservation Biology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Explores the causes and consequences of the loss of biodiversity, as well as methods for conserving rare species and ecosystems. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5534.

BIOL   5535G   Sex and Evolution

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Focuses on the evolution of sex and the subsequent conflict that arises between sexes. Models for the evolution and maintenance of sexual reproduction are compared. Sex allocation theory is reviewed and special attention is drawn to genetic mechanisms that permit sex ratio of offspring to be manipulated. Sexual selection and mate choice tactics are evaluated with reference to empirical studies in behavioral ecology.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL 5535.

BIOL   5537G   Biogeography

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Examines the distributional patterns of animals and plants from the perspectives of vicariance biogeography and organismal dispersal. One field trip required. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5537.

BIOL   5540G   Ecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Reviews basic ecological principles and current hypotheses relevant to biological organisms from the level of the population to ecosystems. Application of mathematic models to biological processes is emphasized. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5540.

BIOL   5541G   Tropical Marine Biology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

This is an intensive 2-week field course conducted in the Bahamas. Through daily lectures and field excursions, students are exposed to the natural history and ecology of a variety of marine organisms and ecosystems including mangroves, seagrasses, rocky shores, and coral reefs. Additional fees required. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5541, BIOL   5541S.

BIOL   5542G   Aquatic Ecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Covers the biological and physiochemical factors that affect common organisms found in local aquatic ecosystems, including streams and rivers, wetlands, estuaries, and lakes. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5542.

BIOL   5543G   Biological Field Experience

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A field expedition involving biological investigations of a major biome or natural area. Expeditions normally require three to five weeks in the field, depending upon the habitat selected and the type of travel required. In addition to tuition, students must bear all travel expenses while in the field. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5543, BIOL   5543S.

BIOL   5544G   Population Biology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

A review of the genetic consequences of evolutionary forces that impact population structure, cohesion, and persistence. Special attention is given to the behavioral, ecological, and demographic responses of populations to natural selection pressures arising from the social environment and the presence of other species in the community. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5544.

BIOL   5546G   Plant Ecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Examines the complex nature of plant reproductive biology, with focus on the evolution and maintenance of diverse breeding systems, the dynamics of plant-pollinator relationships, seed and seedling ecology, and coevolution. Students will design and carry out research projects, read the primary literature and present oral seminars. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL   2107, BIOL   2107L, BIOL   2108, BIOL   2108L, BIOL   3133.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5546.

BIOL   5547G   Marine Ecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Course stresses ecological processes and adaptations that act to structure coastal associations and permit their persistence through time. The course provides a background for students interested in research in the marine sciences. Students will learn to develop good statistical designs and use various techniques to collect data in marine ecology. Several field trips are required. Graduate students will be given an extra assignment determined by the instructor that undergraduates will not be required to do.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5547.

BIOL   5644G   Insect Ecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Examines the basic principles of ecology as they apply to insects. The ecology of insects will be investigated at the level of individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Emphasis will be placed on how insects interact with, and have evolved unique adaptations to, their abiotic and biotic environment. Graduate students will be required to complete advanced level assignments in an area beyond the scope of the undergraduate requirements that demonstrates a higher level of mastery in the subject matter with additional required deliverables representative of graduate level work, as determined by the instructor.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5644.

BIOL   5645G   Behavioral Ecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

An advanced course on how evolution and ecology shape behavior. Through lectures, discussions of papers from the primary literature, field trips with experiments related to recent topics covered in class, and presentations on their research, students will be immersed in the field of behavioral ecology. The laboratory will emphasize techniques used to study behavioral ecology and provide students an opportunity to conduct their own research projects. Graduate students will be required to complete advanced level assignments in an area beyond the scope of the undergraduate requirements that demonstrates a higher level of mastery in the subject matter with additional required deliverables representative of graduate level work, as determined by the instructor.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL   2107 and BIOL   2107L and BIOL   2108 and BIOL   2108L and BIOL 3635 or graduate status.

Cross Listing(s): BIOL   5645.

BIOL   7090   Selected Topics/Biology

0-9 Credit Hours.   0-9 Lecture Hours.   0-9 Lab Hours.

A course taught on a one-time basis.

BIOL   7133   Molecular Biology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

This course provides graduate students with a fundamental knowledge of how organisms operate at the molecular level. Emphasis is on relevant biological theory and techniques in the molecular field.

BIOL   7135   Cytogenetics

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Studies from a cytological aspect of eukaryotic chromosomes including chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations, and chromosome mapping.

BIOL   7233   Applied Biology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Modern biological theory and technologies will be used to address applied questions related to conservation, restoration and environmental management. Emphasis will be on examining applicable, underlying theory with contemporary techniques and technologies to better understand and investigate solutions for relevant biological issues.

BIOL   7333   Evolutionary Ecology

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Evolutionary Ecology is a quantitative examination of population growth, interspecific competition, predator-prey interaction, microevolution, and game theory relevant to sexual selection and sex ratio evolution. Topics are presented via spread sheet simulations of dynamic processes. Students will analyze and simulate models and solve problems based on algebraic theoretical models.

Prerequisite(s): Graduate Status or permission of the Instructor.

BIOL   7440   Vector Ecology

4 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   3 Lab Hours.

Examines physiological, evolutionary, and ecological relationships between arthropod vectors, microbial pathogens they transmit and their vertebrate hosts.

BIOL   7530   Biometry

3 Credit Hours.   3 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Provides students with basic skills in the analysis of biological data. Lectures cover both parametirc and nonparametric methods, with an emphasis on the practical problems posed by biological data.

BIOL   7531   Research Methods

3 Credit Hours.   1 Lecture Hour.   4 Lab Hours.

A general introduction to biological research methods, including computer skills, web-based resources, oral and written scientific presentations, proposal writing, and the peer-review process. This course is designed for first-year M.S. students.

BIOL   7610   Graduate Seminar

1 Credit Hour.   1 Lecture Hour.   0 Lab Hours.

An intensive study of an advanced biological topic covered by one or more members of the graduate faculty from the department of Biology. The selected topic will vary from semester to semester. Required for M.S. degree.

BIOL   7890   Directed Individual Study

1-4 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

An independent or directed individual study supervised by a member of the graduate faculty of the Department of Biology.

BIOL   7893   Biological Problems

1-4 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Studies of biological problems in a specialized area of biology under the supervision of a member of the biology faculty.

BIOL   7895   Research

1-3 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Graduate students will pursue, under the direction of their advisory committee, a program of independent research in a particular area of biology. Results of the research will be presented as a thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science degree.

BIOL   7999   Thesis

1-3 Credit Hours.   0 Lecture Hours.   0 Lab Hours.

Results of individual research will be presented as a thesis in partial fulfillment of the Master of Science degree. The thesis requires defense of design, execution. analysis and interpretation of the research project.